Densmore (Ref. Scientific name: Verbena hastate Bloom Period: July/September Height: 3-6 feet Soil Type: Wet to moist soils Habitat: B Sun: Full sun to part shade Michigan Native: Yes. Flowering herb: Standard Infusion, 2-5 ounces, to 3 times a day. Vervain is stated to possess sedative, thymoleptic, antispasmodic, mild diaphoretic and, reputedly, galactogogue properties. (PDR) Chinese Medicine Uses: The herb is used for edema, chronic malaria, dysmenorrhea and carbuncles. Recent research has shown that using Blue Vervain for medicinal purposes can interfere with blood pressure medicines and hormone therapies. "www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org". Preferred Scientific Name. The information, including but not limited to, text, graphics, images and other material contained on this website are for informational purposes only. In this article I'll give you a little background information, explain the different uses of the herb and 4 different ways to take it to get its healing powers. However, the scientific name of this well-known herb is Verbena hastata and is also known by the name swamp verbena. There are many blue vervain medicinal uses and you will learn them all here. There are 4 stamens - 2 pairs of unequal length - with yellowish anthers, and a green style, all not exserted from the corolla. Also 3 other species that are known historically only, with some question as to whether they ever were found here. It is not aggressive. It is used for sore throat, and for diseases of the respiratory tract, such as coughs, asthma and whooping cough, menopausal complaints and irregular menstruation, gout, metabolic disorders, chlorosis and edema. Stems are green to greenish-red, with 4 angles and occasionally with fine hair. The author name for the plant classification, 'L.' However, the scientific name of this well-known herb is Verbena hastata and is also known by the name swamp verbena. Verbena officinalis is the scientific name of vervain, while blue vervain is Verbena hastata. The older physicians used the root primarily, which they considered stronger. Further details are listed at the bottom of the page. The plant with the scientific name “Verbena hastata” is very strong against natural hardness, it is resistant to life in dry climates so it is regarded as a reliable herb. The flowers can be tossed on top of a salad and eaten. These plants are quite robust and are able to resist drought, making them very reliable sources of this powerful herb. See notes below on the origin of Verbena. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is the type species and native to Europe. These remain on the stalk until shaken off by the wind. Common Name: Blue Vervain: Scientific name: Verbena Hastata: Bloom Time: Mid-Summer, July/August: Bloom Duration: Long, 4 weeks or more: Color: Dark Blue / Purple: Bloom Size: Tall spiked flowers at the top of the plant. Health Benefits of Blue Vervain. However, some people incorrectly call V. officinalis blue vervain, so it can get confusing. Tinctures can be made from the fresh plant. OTHER NAME(S): Blue Vervain, Common Verbena, Common Vervain, Eisenkraut, Enchanter's Plant, European Vervain, Herb of Grace, Herb of the Cross, Herba … Vegetable Capsules 500mg Each ( Dr Sebi Recommended ) What is Blue Vervain? blue vervain; Other Scientific Names. The active phyto-constituents of blue vervain are adenosine, aucubin, beta-carotene, caffeic-acid, citral, hastatoside, lupeol, ursolic-acid, verbenalin, verbenin.Researchers have discovered many therapeutic activities of these constituents including cellular apoptosis or anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, astringent, antispasmodic, diuretic, and anti-parasitic. Details Here. Below: 1st photo - The individual flowers form 5 outward spreading lobes from the corolla. 0 0. Blue vervain had many uses in First Nation’s culture as food and medicine. The inflorescence is a loosely branched terminal cluster with many flower spikes (a panicle). Habitat types: A (Avian/Birds); B (Butterflies); H (Hummingbirds); P (Pollinators/Bees) Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment and before undertaking a new health care regimen, and never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website. Verbena affinis M. Martens & Galeotti; Verbena approximata Briq. It has a slender, upright form with reddish-green coloured, rough-haired stems. The majority of the species are native to the Americas and Asia. (PDR). Verbena officinalis commonly known as common vervain, common verbena, simpler’s joy, holy herb, or mosquito plant, wild hyssop, blue vervain, Vervain, Herb of the cross, Prostrate verbena, Enchanter’s Plant, Juno’s Tears, Pigeon’s Grass, Pigeon weed, Herb of Grace, Iron-weed, Wild Verbena, and Indian Hyssop is a perennial herbaceous plant native to Europe, North Africa and Western Asia. A significant number of active constituents of Blue Vervain have been identified, including: adenosine, aucubin, beta-carotene, caffeic-acid, citral, hastatoside, lupeol, ursolic-acid, verbenalin and verbenin. It has purple flowers and simple leaves with double-serrate margins. 2nd photo - The underside is paler color with many fine hair, especially on the veins and ribs. 2nd photo - The individual flowers open from the bottom to the top of the spike. Blue vervain appears to be safe if there are no concomitant conditions that warrant caution. This article is copyrighted by Ital is Vital, 2020. Return to -- Site Plan/Archive Index --or-- List of Common Plant Names -- or -- List of Scientific Names -- or --Home Page - - - Back to top. Martha Crone listed it on her 1951 Garden Census. Some sources treat S. indica and, or S. cayennensis as synonyms, but these will treated as discrete species after USDA et al. This is one of the most important and wonderful herbs on earth and has tremendous healing powers. It is also known as simpler's joy or holy herb, or more ambiguously as "mosquito plant" or "wild hyssop". No information is available on chromosome numbers of Stachytarpheta spp. She also lists many medicinal uses. Blue vervain is a plant that is resistant to drought. DISCLAIMER: THIS WEBSITE DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE Blue Vervain Dosage: Infusion – Pour a cup of boiling water onto 1 – 3 tsp. The verbena family is widely used in medicine, around the world. #7) states that the name vervain is derived from the Celtic ferfaen, that is from fer (to drive away) and from faen (a stone). Hope that helps! Notes: Blue Vervain is indigenous to the Garden; Eloise Butler catalogued it on Sept, 6, 1907. The plant is native to wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks, slough peripheries, fields and waste areas of Americas, the Mediterranean region and the Near East. Visit our guidelines. Noteworthy Characteristics. Other sources by specific reference. Throughout North America, you can find small patches of purple flowering plants commonly known as blue vervain. Likely native to the Mediterranean region, vervain grows wild throughout much of Europe and North Africa, as well as in China and Japan. PDR for Herbal Medicines by Joerg Gruenwald, PhD etal. Friends of the Wild Flower Garden, Inc. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Common name: Blue Vervain Scientific name: Verbena hastata Dimensions: Flower: 1/8" (3mm) wide Plant height: 1-6' (30-180 cm) Blooming period: July-September Habitat: Damp thickets, wet meadows, shorelines and roadsides Description: Branching spikes of numerous small 5-petaled flowers that bloom a few at a time. It was widely cultivated as a medicinal herb in medieval gardens and has escaped often. Both are considered interchangeable in their properties. It is a slender perennial, growing to three feet with stiff, thin stems and spikes of small lilac flowers. Blue vervain grows 2 to 5 feet tall! However, the primary parts used used medicinally by modern herbalists are the aerial parts of the plant. Verbena gentryi Moldenke; Verbena longifolia M. Martens & Galeotti; International Common Names. See Reference List for details. The latter is the introduction. Blue vervain scientifically known as Verbena hastata is a flowering plant in the vervain family, Verbenaceae. The root can be collected all year round. (Ref. Non-scientific names: Class of name: Medicinal plant references: american vervain: Other: GRIN Report: World Economic Plants (Wiersema, 1999) U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016) blue … Other common names: False Vervain Other scientific names: Verbena paniculata, Verbena pinnatifida French names: Vervaine hastée Family: Vervain Family (Verbenaceae) Group: Vervains Flowers: Summer; Blue/Violet; 5 parts (petals) Leaves: Opposite/Whorled, Simple, Toothed Height: 75-100 cm (29-39 in) Habitat: Fields and Open Areas, Wet Areas It is found throughout the lower 48 states and in the lower Canadian Provinces except Alberta. V. simplex is on the state's Special Concern List. Lore: Mrs. Grieve (Ref. Common Name Blue Vervain (Swamp Vervain) Scientific Name Verbena hastata L. Plant Family Verbena (Verbenaceae) No need to bend over to see this tall beauty! This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Detoxify the Body: One of the oldest and most reliable uses of blue vervain is as a diuretic, as it stimulates the release of urine from the body. It contains about 250 species of annual and perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants. #W2). The American Blue Vervain (V. hastata) is a perennial native to the northern US and Canada. of the dried leaves and steep for 10 -15 minutes. Blue Vervain. Infusion: Take 2 to 4 gm up to 3 times per day. Text and photos are by G. D. Bebeau unless otherwise credited. There can be auxiliary flower stalks rising from the upper leaf axils. 2nd photo - The calyx of the flower tube is hairy with five pointed lobes that have violet tips. American varieties are found mainly on moist prairies and meadows, low open woodlands, strea… Harvest the aerial parts in full flower. The purpose of this website is to promote broad consumer understanding and knowledge of various health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Homeopathic Uses: The herb is used for bruising and cerebral convulsions. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions. The medicinal parts are the dried aerial parts collected during the flowering season, the fresh, flowering herb, the flowers and the whole fresh plant. Tincture [1:5, 60% alcohol] 30-90 drops, to 4 times a day. Flowers open individually on the densely packed spike from bottom to top with only a few open at one time on each spike. The extant Verbenas are: V. hastata, Blue or Swamp Vervain; V. simplex, Narrow-leaved Vervain; V. stricta, Hoary Vervain; V. urticifolia, White Vervain; and V. bracteata, Large-bracted Vervain. The seed are edible when roasted and is ground into a powder (although they are somewhat bitter to taste). White Vervain, V. urticifolia, has similar, but much smaller white flowers and a spreading loose inflorescence of many wildly spreading spikes. See the photo below. The reproductive parts are all enclosed in the corolla tube. This is an American member which was used by the Native Americans and adopted by the Colonial physicians. A total aqueous extract of the aerial parts of Vervain hastata was found to have sedative properties in experiments involving male rats. Throughout North America, you can find small patches of purple flowering plants commonly known as blue vervain. Scientific Name: Verbena officinalis, Labiatae ; Blue Vervain ... Blue Vervain, a variety of Common Vervain, is indigenous to the United States and North America. Occasionally, there are two lobes present at the base of the leaves. It is also used externally as a gargle for cold symptoms and for diseases of the oral and pharyngeal cavity. The flowers are similar but of a different shade of color. (PDR) And of course, being the only member of its genus in much of its range, it is also simply known as "vervain" locally. Common name: Blue vervain Latin name: Verbena hastata Affinities: Nervous system, digestive system, reproductive system Actions: Nervine tonic, anxiolytic, antispasmodic, sedative, diaphoretic, hepatic, digestive bitter, nervine trophorestorative, nootropic, anticonvulsive Specific indications: Anxiety, fatigue, neck and shoulder tension, sharp shooting pains, headaches, muscle tension and spasms, overactive … Herbal Medicines Third Edition by Joanne Barnes, Linda A Anderson, J David Phillipson Identification booklet for most of the flowering forbs and small flowering shrubs of the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden. Ads are what helps us bring you premium content! Please support this website by adding us to your whitelist in your ad blocker. Vervain should not be used during pregnancy. Scientific Name: Verbena Hastata L., Verbenaceae, Verbena Family Common Uses: Sore throat, Asthma, Whooping cough, Chest pain, Abscesses, Burns, Colds, Arthritis, Itching, *Warnings: Verbena seems to be safe for most people when used in small amounts as part of a combination product containing gentian root, elderflower, sorrel, and cowslip flower (SinuComp, Sinupret). Above: 1st photo - Note that branching occurs only near the top of the stem. Blue Vervain is flowering plant that produces purple flowers even in the drought season. References: Plant characteristics are generally from sources 1A, 32, W2, W3, W7 & W8 plus others as specifically applied. blue vervain swamp verbena This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … It grows from a rhizomatous root system. #5) in her study of the Minnesota Chippewa reports their usage of the dried flowers as "snuffed" to cure nosebleed. Blue Vervain Scientific name : Verbena hastata is the North American species used, Verbana officinalis is the European species. At any rate, they are two completely different plants. It is a tall plant, with branching stems and clusters of small, purple flowers from June through to October. Blue vervain, Verbena hastata. Traditionally, Blue Vervain has been used for depression, over enthusiasm, melancholia, hysteria, generalised seizures, cholecystalgia, jaundice, early stages of fever, and specifically for depression and debility of convalescence after fevers, especially influenza. Blue Vervain gets its name from the Celtic word ferfaen, which means “to drive away” (fer) and “stone” (faen). Its leaves are oppositely arranged, lance-shaped, and on short petioles with large serrations along the edge. Blue Vervain is most potent when used fresh. In early times the plant was used for afflictions of the bladder. In Minnesota it is native to and has been found in most counties throughout the state with only a few scattered exceptions, one metro exception being Dakota County. Blue vervain is a flowering plant that belongs to the vervain family, Verbenaceae. Also called Herb of Grace, Herb of the Cross and Swamp Verbena, this water-loving perennial reputedly invokes protection from snakes and other misfortune if worn or carried as a charm. Verbena was the Roman name for altar plants in general and in particular V. officinalis. These nutlet pods are twice the size of those of White Vervain, V. urticifolia. Blue Vervain is a native erect biennial or short-lived perennial that grows to 40 inches tall on square stems with branching near the top. The genus Stachytarpheta contains about 65 species, mostly from the American tropics; many are weedy throughout the tropics and subtropics. There are 5 Verbenas found today in Minnesota, 4 native and 1 introduction. Seeds are extremely small and light, about 93,000 per ounce. The plant grows up to five feet in height and produces blue flowers, hence its name. Names: The genus name Verbena is from the Latin and now refers to the Vervain plant. They need at least 30 days of cold stratification and light for germination. Distribution principally from W1, W2 and 28C. The common name "blue vervain" is also sometimes used, but also refers to V. hastata. Below: The lance shape lower leaf with the outward facing base lobes - from this leaf design like the halberd of a sword comes the species name hastata. Herbal Materia Medica by Michael Moore Lower leaves will usually have a lobe at the base facing outward like the halberd of a sword handle. English: blue vervain; Brazilian vervain; common verbena; seashore vervain Source(s): botany degree. Thank you! Verbena litoralis Kunth; Preferred Common Name. Leaves are opposite, lance-like with coarse teeth, about 4 - 6x longer than wide, pointed tips and tapering at the base to a short stalk. The 5-petaled, violet-blue flowers of blue vervain are borne on unique branching spikes. Tincture: Take 5 to 10 ml up to 3 times per day. Nervine Tonic (Nerves, Reproductive Problems and more), HERBS FOR CLEANSING AND PURIFYING THE BLOOD, Hyssopus Officinalis is Effective In Vitro Replication of Herpes Simplex Virus, Zataria Multiflora Shown To Have Significant Inhibitory Effect on HSV-1, “Gypsy” Mushrooms Found to have Antiviral Properties (Including Herpes Simplex 1 and 2), Dr Sebi’s Iron Plus – How To Make Your Own, Promotion of estrogen and progesterone receptor binding. The Romans called it verbena and used it to treat a variety of illnesses. The underside has fine whitish hair with longer hair on the main veins. The information provided here are for educational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Liquid extract: Take 2 to 4 ml daily. Chloroform, methanol and petroleum ether extracts of the aerial parts of vervain have anti-inflammatory activity in vivo as determined using the carrageenan-induced paw oedema model. Leaves can be made into a tea or tossed into salads, soups, etc. Family Name: CompositaeIntroduction. It may be dried and stored in a cool, dark, place for use in teas but it will not have the potency of fresh Blue Vervain. The individual flowers have blue to violet colored corollas (sometimes whitish) forming a tube; they are quite small, 1/8 to 1/4 inch wide, 5-parted; the calyx of the flower tube is hairy with five pointed lobes that have violet tips; and the petals have rounded lobes spreading outward when the flower opens. (1998). Below: 1st photo - a smaller upper leaf with its short stalk. Though it is mostly found in North America, it has been used for its medicinal properties throughout the world and ages. 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